Tag Archives: Pawiak Prison

Who Am I? What is My Name? – Part IX – Gertrude’s Sisters!


Since 2012 we have been trying to discover the birth identity of Pnina Gutman, who as an infant was smuggled from the Warsaw Ghetto with the assistance of a woman named Gertrud Spiro.  We realized from the beginning that our best chance at solving the mystery was to find … Continue reading

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Who Am I? What is My Name? – Part VIII – Gertrud and Leo’s Trial


Das Bundesarchiv Trial Records According to Widerstand in Berlin gegen das NS-Regime 1933 bis 1945 (Resistance in Berlin against the Nazi Regime 1933-1945), Leo and Gertrud Spiro were put on trial in Berlin in 1938.  Trying to locate their court records, I contacted the … Continue reading

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Who Am I? What is My Name? – Part VII – Gertrude’s Other Children?


Last week we received surprising new information about a woman who may be Gertrude Priess-Spiro. Continue reading

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Who Am I? What is My Name? Part VI – Our Search for Gertrude Spiro


Gertrude Spiro must have been well-connected.  She was the proprietor of a liquor and cigarette shop at 2 Nowiniarksa St. in Warsaw in 1941-1942. The shop undoubtedly generated a lot of income for whoever owned it; liquor and cigarettes are two of the most … Continue reading

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Who Am I? What is My Name? Part V – Gertrude and Sonia’s Escape


Gertrude and Sonia Preiss-Spiro’s names are listed on the transport to Auschwitz of 141 women from Pawiak prison in Warsaw on 24 August 1943.  Pawiak prison was originally used by the Polish judicial to incarcerate criminals, but after the Nazi … Continue reading

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Who Am I, What is My Name? Part III – Gertrude and Sonia Spyra


A mystery within the mystery of Pnina’s identity is the fate of Gertrude Spyra and her daughter Sonia. As the parties responsible for smuggling Pnina from the Warsaw Ghetto, Gertrude and Sonia may have left behind clues about Pnina’s parents. … Continue reading

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